So what’s the best time of year to visit these “enchanted islands”? Each month has its own pros and cons …it all depends on what you consider an ideal vacation.
Here we look at some of the factors that should keep in mind while deciding when you should visit the Galapagos Islands?
PEAK VS. NON-PEAK TOURIST SEASONS The peak seasons for Galapagos tourism tend to coincide with the general holiday and vacation months around the world. These run from the mid-December to January “Christmas vacation” and from the June to August "summer holidays" (for Europe and the USA).
During these high season periods, the availability of everything in the islands is stretched to the limit. Though the Galapagos National Park administration limits the number of tourists who can visit the islands at any given time, the high influx of travelers during peak season can make hotels and cruise docks especially cramped.
Likewise, Galapagos flights get particularly busy at these times, and of course the prices of cruises and accommodation are higher.
During high seasons, it's almost impossible to find a “last-minute deal,” and if by some miracle you do come across one, you’ll likely have to accept a boat that’s not your first choice.
The low seasons in the Galapagos Islands are in springtime (May to June) and fall (September and October). During these periods, tourism in the Galapagos declines substantially and many cruises drops their prices to attract more passengers.
TOURIST SEASON RECOMMENDATIONS If you are planning your Galapagos getaway during the popular "vacation" months, we recommend that you book your trip at least six (6) months in advance of your desired travel date – or even sooner. Christmas cruises, for example, often book up more than a year in advance!
Alternatively, if you’re considering vacationing during the non-peak “shoulder” seasons, we advise you to you keep a couple of factors in mind. The low tourist season is just that, so instead of enjoying the solitude of desolate beaches, you might just find yourself feeling a bit lonely and secluded. Hotel availability is usually not a problem during these times, though.
Also, note that that the sea conditions are at their worst in late-August and September, which will increase your chances of getting seasick from the pitching and rolling of a cruise ship. In addition, because of those choppy waters, many cruise operators put their boats in dry dock for maintenance during this time. Therefore, you need to think twice before heading off to the islands in search of a “last-minute bargain” Galapagos cruise just because it's low season.
CLIMATE IN THE GALAPAGOS ISLANDS Another factor that could influence your plans as to when to visit the Galapagos archipelago is the climate. Because the Galapagos are right on the equator, the air and water temperatures don’t vary much, though oceanic currents do influence the air and sea temperatures, sea conditions and rainfall across the islands.
Generally, the climate in the Galapagos Islands is divided into two seasons: the warm/rainy season (from January to May or June), and the cool/dryer season (from June or July to December).
During the warm-wet season, temperatures reach up to 86°F (30°C), with sunny days interrupted by short but heavy cloudbursts. The sea is warm, 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C), and relatively calm.
CLIMATIC CONSIDERATIONS The warmer weather and calmer waters of the rainy season make this the best time to travel to the Galapagos if swimming and snorkeling are on your agenda. On the down side, though, there aren’t as many fish and seabirds to see as there are in the cooler parts of the year.
The calm ocean waters of the warm-wet season also reduce the chances of getting seasick on a cruise. But bear in mind that January to March is the doldrums on the equator, and there’s usually not enough wind to set sail. In any case, all sailing yachts are run by motor most of the time, and these vessels cruise as fast as most of the solely motorized yachts.
During the cool-dry June through November season, the Humboldt Current makes it way from the southern end of South America, bringing cold weather as well as nutrient- and plankton-rich waters that attract fish. It’s too chilly for casual snorkeling, but experienced divers claim that this is the best time for witnessing the wide variety of Galapagos underwater marine life … IF you’re willing to brave the cold water.
At around 72°F (22°C), the cool-dry season is more comfortable for trekking and exploring the volcanic origins of the Galapagos Islands, including its fascinating lava flows and other geological features.
Though the days are often grey and overcast, there’s usually not any rainfall down on the coast. In the highlands, though, the “garúa” fog sustains a constant dampness, which occasionally drops down to the coast.
WILDLIFE Wildlife is the main attraction for most visitors to the islands, and great wildlife viewing is guaranteed regardless of when you visit the archipelago. Almost all of the islands’ animal species spend the entire year in the Galapagos and do not migrate – including the tiny Galapagos penguin, the Giant Galapagos tortoise, the flightless cormorant, marine and land iguanas, the Red- and Blue-footed booby, the Galapagos hawk, the fur sea lion, and the California sea lion (one of the sole exceptions to this rule is the Waved albatross, which travel to the islands in the summer).
What do change during specific seasons are these animals’ behaviors (their mating, breeding, abundance in water, etc.). Therefore, you should take a look at a Galapagos wildlife activity calendar to get an idea of what you might see in each month.
Similarly, there is some variation in the types of animals you’ll find on specific islands of the archipelago. If you are keen in seeing a particular animal or bird, talk with a Galapagos tour operator to find the best cruise itinerary for this.